By David Hunter
A realistic advent to serious considering throughout a number of disciplines
Knowing the best way to imagine significantly approximately what to think and what to do is vital for fulfillment in either educational environments. a pragmatic consultant to serious considering introduces readers to the recommendations, tools, and criteria for pondering significantly approximately purposes and arguments in nearly any zone of perform. whereas such a lot literature on severe considering specializes in its formal purposes inside philosophy, this booklet deals a wide perception of severe pondering and explores its useful relevance to accomplishing examine throughout a wide selection of disciplines, together with enterprise, schooling, and the organic sciences.
While the booklet pursues an interdisciplinary method of severe pondering, delivering examples and illustrations from diversified matters and fields of analysis, it additionally presents techniques to assist readers establish the tools and criteria which are attribute of severe pondering of their selected branches of studying, of their place of work, and of their personal lives. the concept that of an issue is prolonged past its philosophical roots to incorporate experimentation, checking out, size, coverage improvement and overview, and aesthetic appreciation as actions that require serious considering. The logical, middle suggestions of severe considering are awarded in a rigorous but casual means, with inventive and functional thoughts for outlining, interpreting, and comparing purposes and arguments anywhere they're chanced on. every one bankruptcy ends with a "Mistakes to Avoid" part in addition to a number of routines designed to assist readers combine and expand the chapter's lessons.
A sensible consultant to serious considering is a superb ebook for classes on serious pondering and good judgment on the upper-undergraduate and graduate degrees. it's also a suitable reference for someone with a normal curiosity in severe considering abilities.
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Additional resources for A Practical Guide to Critical Thinking: Deciding What to Do and Believe
Having been raised in Canada, my father saw it as a freezing problem, best solved by putting the pipes inside the heated space of the house. The landlord's mistake was in not asking w h e t h e r the traditional way of thinking was the right way. Appeal to Tradition It is a mistake to believe or do something simply because that belief or practice is traditional. The fact that a belief or practice has a long history is not an epistemic reason to continue it. Its 34 THE N A T U R E A N D V A L U E OF CRITICAL THINKING history cannot show that the belief is true or that the practice is worthwhile.
30 T H E N A T U R E A N D V A L U E OF CRITICAL THINKING d. We have to hold the party on Christmas Eve, because we have always held it then. e. John believes that the sofa will fit up the stairs. H e first measured the sofa and then the stairs, and decided that it would go up easily if tilted on its side. f. Ashanti believes that Senator Doolittle's proposal is not cost effective. She finds that politicians are such hypocrites that she disagrees with everything they propose. g. R o b e r t believes that his car will not last much longer.
Example of an emotional reason to believe h. What are emotional reasons not good enough for knowledge? i. List two ways in which emotions can be obstacles to critical thinking. CRITICAL THINKING A N D PERSONAL A U T O N O M Y 25 j . What is the difference between acceptable reasons and sufficient reasons? Give an example of reasons that are sufficient to believe something but not acceptable. k. Could evidence be over-ridden without being Explain using an example. undermined? 1. The traditional philosophical definition of knowledge says that knowledge is justified true belief.
A Practical Guide to Critical Thinking: Deciding What to Do and Believe by David Hunter