By M. Rafiqul Islam, S.H. Mousavizadegan, S. Mustafiz, Jamal H. Abou?Kassem(auth.)
Advanced Petroleum Reservoir Simulation
upload precision and straightforwardness to the method of reservoir simulation. till simulation software program and different equipment of reservoir characterization have been constructed, engineers needed to drill various wells to discover tips to extract crude oil and average fuel. this day, regardless of hugely refined reservoir simulations software program to be had, reservoir simulation nonetheless consists of loads of guesswork. Advanced Petroleum Reservoir Simulation offers a sophisticated method of petroleum reservoir simulation, taking the guesswork out of the method and depending extra completely on technological know-how and what's recognized in regards to the person reservoir.
This cutting-edge book in petroleum simulation:
Describes resolution recommendations that permit a number of ideas to the total equations, with out linearization.
Solves the main tough reservoir engineering difficulties akin to viscous fingering.
Highlights the significance of non-linear solvers on selection tree with clinical argument.
Discusses resolution schemes in terms of different disciplines and revolutionizes possibility research and choice making.
contains spouse software program with 3D, 3-phase multipurpose simulator code on hand for obtain from www.scrivenerpublishing.com.
through delivering a important instrument to aid reservoir simulation predictions with genuine technology, this ebook is a necessary reference for engineers, scientists and geologists.
Chapter 1 Reservoir Simulation heritage (pages 1–30):
Chapter 2 Reservoir Simulator?input/output (pages 31–81):
Chapter three Reservoir Simulators: difficulties, Shortcomings, and a few resolution options (pages 83–114):
Chapter four Mathematical formula of Reservoir Simulation difficulties (pages 115–153):
Chapter five The Compositional Simulator utilizing the Engineering strategy (pages 155–244):
Chapter 6 A finished fabric stability Equation for Oil restoration (pages 245–276):
Chapter 7 Modeling Viscous Fingering in the course of Miscible Displacement in a Reservoir (pages 277–337):
Chapter eight in the direction of Modeling wisdom and Sustainable Petroleum creation (pages 339–419):
Chapter nine ultimate Conclusions (pages 421–422):
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Additional info for Advanced Petroleum Reservoir Simulations
Some of the latest ones are reported by the research group of Gu at Petroleum Technology Research Centre (PTRC) in Canada. g. Yang and Gu, 2005; Tharanivasan et al, 2004), proper characterization of such complex phenomena continues to be a formidable challenge. 1 ADVANCED PETROLEUM RESERVOIR SIMULATION Numerical Challenges Theory of Onset and Propagation of Fractures Due to Thermal Stress Fundamental work needs to be performed in order to develop relevant equations for thermal stresses. Similar work has been initiated by Wilkinson et al (1997), who used finite element modeling to solve the problem.
The history-matching process is carried out due to the uncertainty involved in input data and also the uncertain adopted fluid flow model. A schematic layout of history-match of the real and simulated data is given in Fig. 1. The production data are used to update the model parameters and therefore, the history-matching process could be considered as a closed-loop control process. A schematic illustration of the geological and geophysical activities is also depicted in Fig. 1. The initial geological data are usually obtained by the seismic surveys, well logging, core sampling.
An appealing application of virtual reality lies in the areas of replacing expensive laboratory experiments with computational fluid dynamics models. However, petroleum-engineering phenomena are still so poorly described (mathematically) that replacing laboratory experiments will lead to gross misunderstanding of dominant phenomena. Recently, Statoil has developed a virtual reality machine that would simulate selected phenomena in the oilfield. Similarly, Norsk Hydro has reported 26 ADVANCED PETROLEUM RESERVOIR SIMULATION the virtual modeling of a cave.
Advanced Petroleum Reservoir Simulations by M. Rafiqul Islam, S.H. Mousavizadegan, S. Mustafiz, Jamal H. Abou?Kassem(auth.)